Tag Archives: influence

Complete purification of I-12 industrial oil

I-12 industrial oil is a general purpose oil with no additives. It is made from sweet crude by selective purification.

This oil is used for lubrication of bushings of straight bar and linking machines, spindles of metal cutters, bearings of low power electric motors, and as an operating liquid in positive displacement of hydraulic drives operated indoors.

Combined purification methods of I-12 industrial oil are based on simultaneous influence of several electrical fields or a field with filtration.

The principle of combining electric field influence and centrifical force is implemented in cyclone separators and centrifuges equipped with a special electrical device.

By design, a triboelectric centrifuge purifier is a multifoil rosette with two chargers that create opposite charges in the industrial oil.  The passes through the swirler in a translational-rotational movement.  It them passes the oil through a circular ring space. Due to friction with barriers, contaminants become oppositely charged. Centrifugal force moves particles with a positive charge to the outlet wall where they are coagulated with negatively charged particles.  The charges are neutralized in the coagulated particles.

Then by the force of gravity and inertia, the particles are deposited in a special settling tank.

Comparing hydrocycling efficiency with that of a similar machine equipped with chargers, the chargers are 40% more efficient on average.

When using centrifuges with electrifying devices, the electric field may be obtained by voltage from an external source or by a triboelectric effect.  The triboelectric effect occurs due to rotor friction against special bars.  The rotor is made from a special dielectric material. (Plexiglas, PTFE, or some other dielectric material )

It is also possible to combine centrifugal force with a magnetic field.  It is done by installing permanent magnets into centrifuge systems to capture ferromagnetic particles. Diamagnetic and paramagnetic contaminants are only influenced by the centrifugal force.

The most widespread of combined industrial oil purification systems are devices combining elecrtric fields and filtration effects.  These include magnetic filters, filtering centrifuges and vibration (acoustic) filters.

In centrifuge filtration, the centrifuges operate at relatively low rotation speeds. Contaminants may be removed from the rotor either continuously or occasionally.

A magnetic filter is free from such a disadvange of magnetic purifier as selective removal of only ferromagnetic particles.  Such devices, beside permanent magnets, use special filters capturing non-magnetic contaminants.  An additional filter element (usually a metal mesh) protects the surfaces of the magnets from tar, sediment and other products of hydrocarbon oxidation.

In vibration filters the oil passes through a vibrating porous membrane.  The vibrations prevent sedimentation of contaminants on the surface and reduce hydraulic losses, increasing the filter’s service life.

It should be noted that the combined methods of purifying oil products are not widely used at this time due to the complexity of purifier design.

Oil filtration

During operation, transformer oil accumulate contaminants, which can form various chemicals. These substances reduce the oil’s performance and are, of course, undesirable.

Operation of the transformer becomes unstable. To prevent this, transformer oil is filtered and purified. Some of the methods are discussed in more detail below.

The first stage of transformer oil purification is mechanical. This is a superficial treatment to remove particulate matter and water. The next step is deeper purification performed in vacuum with heating.

The first two stages are, in fact, preliminary. The main process involves various chemicals.

One of the methods is purification of oil with a 98% sulfuric acid solution.

In comparison to other chemical purification methods, the use of sulfuric acid has a significant drawback. Beside reacting with the contaminants, the acid also adversely influecnes the structure of the oil, making it somewhat unstable. Additional processes are required to resolve that problem.

The nature of selective purification is evident from the title. Speical solvents are introduced into the oil to remove specific impurities.

De-waxing is another widely accepted process. In this process, oil is treated with special solvents: acetone, toluene, bensol etc, to remove solid contaminants.

It should be noted that chemical methods influence oil’s stability, but extend the oil’s service life at the same time.

It should also be remembered that any purification process should end with finishing purification, closing the cycle of oil processing and filtration. This is usually done by contact method.

This means that the oil is mixed with special materials, usually clay or bleaching earth. The materials are then mixed and heated. Heating facilitates acviation of all sorbents in the clay.

These absorbents capture contaminants. Deep filtration separates oil from the clay. When selecting adsorbent, it is necessary to pay attention to the content of moisture. It should be suffucient to make production efficient and to make processed oil compliant with specifications.

The most interesting technology today involves the use of bleaching clays (Fuller’s earth). Globecore manufactures a range of CMM type units for filtration of various oils with the use of Fuller’s earth. The advantages of the design are the ability of multiple reactivation of the sorbent, mobility, simplicity of operation and high quality of the output product.

Downtime is significantly reduced by the ability to reactivate the sorbent without the need for frequent replacement, thus increasing process efficiency.

Influence of Hydraulic Fluid Contamination on Equipment Wear

According to recent industry statistics, 70-80% of hydraulic system malfunctions and up to 90% of bearing failures are caused by media contamination.

Types of Contamination and the Long Term Impact

The performance, quality, and purity of operating fluids directly affect the reliability and the service life of pumps, hydraulic drives and various hydraulic equipment installed in mobile and stationary locations.  If high precision hydraulic equipment is used with gaps between moving parts of 5 to 24 microns, then the use of high quality hydraulic fluid that is free from contaminates is a must to ensure continuous trouble free operation of the system.  The effects of contamination on the performance of equipment will vary and depends on the size and composition of the contamination.

The aggressive effects of fluid contamination is detrimental to the reliability and durability of hydraulic systems.  Undesirable consequences may be caused by solid particles carried by the fluid that enter through the gaps in the system.  Contamination will be found on the surfaces of flat friction pairs, valve facets etc.  This unwanted contamination leads to increased wear and equipment failures that include hydraulic lock, clogging of small valves, plunger jamming, loss of valve tightness and other system failures.

Axial-plunger pumps and the control slides of automatic control systems are especially sensitive to fluid contamination.  Solid particles of comparable sizes to the gaps pose the biggest threat to plunger and slide pairs.

Entry of Contaminants into the Hydraulic Systems

There are five ways contaminants can enter hydraulic system:  (1) Through insufficient and improper cleaning of components and parts during manufacture (metal files, remaining abrasives, fragments of construction material etc;  (2) through the introduction of contaminated fluid when initially filling or refilling the system;  (3) through the introduction of contaminants during assembly and repairs;  (4) through the wear and corrosion of parts during normal operation; and (5) from dust and dirt that enters through vents or loose hydraulic tank plugs.

Particle Size

Despite the fact that Solid Contaminants are extremely small, they can still accelerate the aging of oil, cause rapid wear of components, and cause failure and malfunction of operating assemblies.

Gaps in Typical Hydraulic System Components

In modern hydraulic systems, the gaps between components are limited to the range of 1 to 25 microns.  Lately, as technology and machining processes improve, the gaps have been decreasing raising the fluid quality and purity requirements higher and higher.

Contamination reduces the reliability of hydraulic equipment and accelerates its wear and shortens effective service life.  Hence the reason research into the most efficient ways of purification has been part of the industry for decades.  GlobeCore is a leader in research and development of purification systems that are efficient and protect the environment.


GlobeCore offers a line of UVR vacuum purification systems that are designed for purification of hydraulic fluid, turbine oil, industrial oil, mineral oil, compressor oil, and transformer oils.  The UVR units are built around a vacuum and adsorbent treatment process.  These systems can also lighten the product appearance and remove paraffins and some sulfur from fuels.

The main advantage of the UVR plants is their economy and versatility (requires no additional adjustments when switching from one product to another since the machine operates in an automatic mode).

GlobeCore is the Industry leader in the manufacture of the highest quality oil purification systems anywhere in the world today.